Chapter 22
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Educational Informatics: e-Learning

Author Supplement to Chapter 22

Embryological Model of Learning

Websites That Expand on Chapter 22's Knowledge

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Digital Immigrant or Digital Native

Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants -- A New Way To Look At Ourselves and Our Kids (and students!),%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part1.pdf

Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants: Part II Do They Really Think Differently?,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part2.pdf

Instructional Design

Instructional Design. Links to information about many different theories of instructional design.

Analyzing learner and instructional needs when preparing for online learning. Links at the bottom or each page lead to the next step in Instructional Design for Online Learning. Very helpful.
http://woodcock/online design/testificandum

Instructional Design from Wikipedia. Some good solid information.

Shire, Wayne. The Basic Phases of the Instructional Systems Design Process

A good description of the first two steps in instructional design, analysis and design and development. Also, a good description of objectives.

Web Quests. A Web Quest is a model for designing effective Web-based instructional activities. They focus on analyzing, synthesizing, and problem solving rather than finding Web resources. They can be designed for individual or group activities.

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Learning Management Systems (LMS)

This software may also be labeled Course Management System,Managed Learning Environment, Online Learning Environment, Virtual Learning Environment, or Web-based Learning Environment

Siemens, George (2004, November 22). Learning Management Systems:The wrong place to start learning. An excellent discussion of some of the drawbacks of LMSs and some thoughts about remediating these. Suggest starting here. An LMS should not dictate how students are suppose (pretend) to learn.

Learning or Management Systems? (2006). A timeless, thought provoking article. When a system drives the learning modes - watch out!

Alvarado, Pat. (2004). Seven Steps to Selecting a Learning Management System. Read before you select an LMS!

Free Course Management System. Moodle is an open source, free software package designed to help educators create effective online learning communities. You can download and use it on any computer you have handy (including webhosts), yet it can scale from a single-teacher site to a University with 200,000 students.

Learning Management System Software Directory. Lists some examples of software with a brief discussion of each as well as links for more information and reviews. Interestingly, it does not include the most popular ones.

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Make Your Own Videos (Free ware)

As far as I can tell, these are free. If you find out otherwise, please use the email address at either the bottom of this page, or the top under "About" to inform Linda. What starts out as free, sometimes morphs...!

BB Flashback Express.

CAM Studio Open Source. Free Streaming Video Software. There is a proprietary product available also - keep this in mind.

Debut Video Capture Software. Record video from webcam, capture devices or screen. This may only be a trial copy.

Free Video Editing Software. Use as an adjunct if you have a Webcam.

Windows Live Essentials: Movie Maker. If you have downloaded the free Live Essentials (only necessary with Windows 7 - Vista had it built in), you will have a built in basic editing tool for slides or imported movies.

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Online Learning

Boettcher, J. V. (2003). How Many Students Are Just Right in a Web Course? Besides the topic of the title this article also looks at faculty workload with distance education.

Distance Education at a Glance from the University of Idaho. Excellent resource, 13 chapters online about distance education including an overview, information about instructional design and a glossary. Is a little dated, but the basics are solid. Tip #8 Strategies for Learning at a Distance.

Is Online Learning for You?

Is Online Learning for You? List of traits that make it more likely that online learning will succeed for a student. Links to two self-assessment modules at the end.

Is Online Learning for You? From the University of Illinois Again, links to self-assessment tools besides solid information.

Patient Education

Medline Interactive Health Tutorials from the Patient Education Institute. Designed for patients, these tutorials explain a condition in lay terminology, use Flash graphics and provide audio accompaniment. An excellent resource.

Patient Education Handouts - Quality Diabetes Care and Education. Free pdf files to download.

Patient Teaching Handouts. "Patient handouts/teaching sheets are used by Children's Hospital and Health System or Wisconsin staff to teach parents and children about health topics, conditions or procedures. They are written by staff and are updated regularly. They include the most important information for families to know when caring for their child."

Patient Teaching Materials from the University or Pittsburgh Medical Center. "Patients and others who visit UPMC facilities can learn about health-related topics by reading printed information prepared by UPMC. This page gives you online access to the same patient education materials that those who visit UPMC receive."

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Simulation. Description of many different types.

Some Free Educational Programs (there are many others if you search)


Anatomy. This page has links to many great sources to assist learning, or even reviewing, anatomy.

Auscultation Sounds

Auscultation Assistant. This site offers recordings of heart sounds and a description of what is causing them. Excellent site.

McGill University Virtual Stethoscope. Provides sound files for both respiratory and cardiovascular sounds.

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ACLS Online Library. Excellent information about the heart.


Atlas of Human Cardiology. This site from the University of Minnesota features illustrations of the various parts of the heart plus movies of the various parts as they function.

Cases and Examples of ECGs. To gain full advantage you need to register - which is free. Would be very helpful to anyone teaching ECGs.

ECG Library. A collection of ECGs organized by the cardiac condition they represent.

Normal and Abnormal EKGs. Shows EKGs for different conditions and a normal one. Accompanying heart sounds too.

Physical Exams and History Taking

Chandrasekhar, A. J. Screening Physical Exam. From Loyola University Medical Education Network. For physical exams, the list of steps, how to perform the step, what is normal, what is abnormal and the knowledge required to perform the test is provided. A self evaluation module is created for each step to ensure that you have comprehended the information.

Medical History Taking Study Guide
Although physician oriented, provides good basic material on how to take a patients history.

Puzzle Makers (Free)

Create crossword puzzles to print. You can create your own, or use one of theirs. There are quite a few here about anatomy and physiology.

Create crossword or word search puzzles.

Eclipse Crossword. A free crossword creator that can be downloaded to your computer. The resulting puzzle can be interactive on the Web.

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Free Quiz Makers

Quiz Faber. An excellent online quiz program. Many different options for questions. Can have results mailed to you. For instructions on an older version use see Thede, L. Q. (2006). "Nursing-oriented Web resources." CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing 24(3): 124-9. I have experimented with this and was impressed.

Question Writer 3 Basic. For creating multiple choice online questions.

Free quiz maker for online testing. Creates online tests with combined multiple choice, true false, free text, short answer, fill in the blank, punctuation and essay questions types.

Math for Nurses

Medical Mathematics Tutorial for Student Nurses. An excellent, thorough, freely available source.

Math Tutorials for Nurses. Click on the help and maximize the screen. From the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Nursing.

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Knowledge Weavers Project. Lots of freely available, excellent, tutorials on many health related topics. Worth exploring.

Education for Staff and Patients. Some of these are helpful, some are not.

MERLOT is a free and open resource designed primarily for faculty and students of higher education. Links to online learning materials, submitted for use by faculty, are collected here along with annotations such as peer reviews and assignments. These materials are available free of use to anyone. To find nursing materials, search for the topic.

Mrs. Reynolds Needs a Nurse. Many of you may remember this film from school days. It is now available for free viewing on the Web. Uniforms are dated, but the information is still current.

Venepuncture & Peripheral IV Cannulation Study Day

Patient Education for a Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter (PICC)

PICC Line Video for Patients from Mayo Clinic

IV Essentials. Very helpful with accompanying photographs.

SlideShare. Slides submitted by others on many topics. No audio in the ones that I viewed. Search for nursing to find nursing slides.

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Second Life

Interview with John Miller, nursing faculty at Tacoma Community College. He uses Second Life, a multi-player user environment to teach. There are other links about using Second Life in education

Some background information about Second Life.

Videos of Second Life

Virtual Reality

Beier, K. P. Virtual Reality: A Short Introduction. A short article with illustrations.

Virtual Reality. A thorough description of many aspects of virtual reality.

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Websites from the Text in Chapter 22

Learning styles questionnaire at

Dale’s cone of experience

Flashcard Friends at

Electronic flash cards and Amazon at

Medline interactive tutorials

Care of a Client with Schizophrenia

Assessing Blood Pressure (No longer available at this URL)Instead go to

The Kidney Patient Guide

Outbreak at Water’s Edge: A Public Health Discovery Game at website

Question Writer from



NCSBN simulation exam or for direct download


Dalhousie University Common Currency Project

Martindale’s Reference Desk


Open Simulator


Second Life

Ambient at

METIman, PediaSIM, BabySIM, HPS. iStan

SimMan®, SimJunior™, SimMom™, SimBaby™

Virtual I.V.



Neehr Perfect®

Clicker Resource Guide at








Bravenet Web Poll

ADA standards for e-learning is available at and

Kidney School

Health Sciences Editorial Board peer-review criteria (No longer available at this URL)

Learning Object Review Instrument

Sharable Content Object Repositories for Education (No longer available at this URL)Instead go to

CE learning resources at (No longer available at this URL)Instead go to

Next generation e-learning environment

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Websites from the Reference List in Chapter 22

Adams, W., CU Science Education Initiative, & UBC Carl Weiman Science Education Initiative. (2009, July 1). Clicker resource guide. Retrieved October 31, 2010, from

Advanced Distributed Learning. (2010, October 29). Frequently asked facts about SCORM. Retrieved October 31, 2010, from (No longer available at this URL)Try instead

Bluetooth laser virtual keyboard. (2010). Retrieved October 31, 2010, from

Chickering, A. W., & Ehrmann, S. C. (1996). Implementing the seven principles: Technology as lever. Retrieved January 29, 2008, from

Eon Reality. (2008). i3D Symposium. Retrieved October 31, 2010, from

Greenberg, L. (2002, December 9). LMS and LCMS: What’s the difference? Retrieved September 12, 2007, from (No longer available at this URL)Instead find this at

Half-Baked Software Inc. (2009). What is Quandary? Retrieved August 31, 2011, from

Hillegass, A. (2010). eClicker overview. Retrieved October 31, 2010, from

Jafari, A., McGee, P., & Carmean, C. (2006). Managing courses, defining learning: What faculty, students, and administrators want. EDUCAUSE Review, 41(4), 50–71. Retrieved from

Johnson, L., Smith, R., Willis, H., Levine, A., and Haywood, K., (2011). The 2011 Horizon Report. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium. Retrieved August 31, 2011 from

KCTCS. (2009). Interactive Digital Center. Retrieved October 31, 2010, from

Medical Education Institute. (2006). Kidney School™: Unique CKD education tool. In Control, 3(2), 4. Retrieved from

MERLOT. (n.d.). MERLOT: About us. Retrieved October 31, 2010, from

NCSBN. (n.d.). Computerized adaptive testing (CAT) overview. Retrieved October 31, 2010, from

Respondus®. (2010). Studymate Author 2.0. Retrieved October 29, 2010, from

SoftChalk LLC. (2010). SoftChalk™. Retrieved October 31, 2010, from

Thalheimer, W. (2006). People remember 10%, 20%… Oh really? Retrieved October 31, 2010, from

The New Media Consortium & Educause Learning Initiative. (2011). The horizon report: 2008 edition. Retrieved from, Q. (2010). William Authur Ward quotes. Retrieved October 31, 2010, from

U.S. Office of Technical and Institutional Services. (n.d.). E-learning: Conforming to section 508. Retrieved October 31, 2010, from (No longer available at this URL)Instead go to:

Young, J. R. (2010, February 14). After frustrations in Second Life, colleges look to new virtual worlds. The Chronicle. Retrieved from

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Created January 29, 2012

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