Chapter 11
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Finding Knowledge in the Digital Library Haystack

Author Additions to Chapter 11

Many of the topics in this chapter are also related to items in other chapters. If what you want is not here check the index.

Websites That Expand on Chapter 11's Knowledge


Electronic Bibliographic Search Tools

New York University Resources. Three tutorials that focus on research and evidence-based practice and provide help in searching the Web.

BioMed Search.Com. This is an easy to use site that searches all of NIH/PubMed documents, plus a large collection of theses, dissertations, and other publications not found anywhere else. Articles are organized by "clusters", which essentially are topics. Clusters have sub clusters that further differentiate a topic. Searches are easy, use plain English. There is a nursing and nursing education section. If you wish, you can open a free account that allow you to save searches and documents into portfolios, make notes on your portfolios, set up alerts to be notified of new documents of interest, batch export data to excel and share your portfolios with other users and more.

MedlinePlus Databases. Links to National Library of Medicine sponsored databases, some like CancerLit are bibliographic search tools, DirLine locates health organizations, Jablonski's presents terms to use in searching for data about congenital anomalies. Many of these are consumer oriented.

PubMed a service of the National Library of Medicine, provides access to over 12 million MEDLINE citations back to the mid-1960's and additional life science journals. PubMed includes links to many sites providing full text articles and other related resources.


A tutorial for using CINAHL.

Duke University. Many different tutorials including some with video.


Dwyer, C. (1997). Pointers for making the most of your Medline searches. Although oriented towards physicians, very helpful in helping to translate a question into searchable MeSH terms

Other Specialized Search Engines

Google Help. Too often a search using Google yields too many listings, most of which are not pertinent to your search. Use this quick list to help refine and improve your Google search. Remember that any information found on the Web needs to be evaluated!

Hakia. This search tool uses semantic searching and returns high quality items that are often more on the topic being searched than any other scholarly search tool. You can search with such everyday phrases as "computer literacy in nurses."

PubMed Searching. Improve your searching skills of PubMed with these three tutorials. They range in time from 3 to 5 minutes and are worth every minute.

Top 100 Alternate Search Engines (alternate to Google, as in superior in some area). For example, specialized search tools for for audio, video, or blogs.

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Finding Nursing Resources

Library Tutorial. Includes information about relating concepts of a research topic to a list of search terms, identifying appropriate information resources, distinguishing between popular and scholarly publications, purpose of citing resources, elements needed for a citation, nursing resources, and core Nursing Journals.

Nursing Resources: A Self Paced Refresher and Tutorial. Although helpful, this site is aimed at New York University students. Although the information is helpful, readers will need to substitute their own libraries for those in the tutorial.

Internet for Nurses. A free tutorial to help university students develop their Internet research skills. Aimed at helping to responsibly use the Internet to find information for coursework and assignments.

Invisible Web

Those Dark Hiding Places: The Invisible Web Revealed. An excellent source for finding hidden Web content.

Invisible Web. There are many legitimate sources that the usual search tools such as Google, don't find. This site provides hints for finding this material and reasons why some sites are invisible.

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Searching the Web Tutorial

A tutorial from the University of South Carolina Beaufort Library, called Bare Bones 101 provides excellent, quick, easy to read information. Has information about several of the more popular search tools. Recommended for any level of searcher.

Web Search Strategies

U.C. Berkeley Library WWW (2001). Recommended search strategy. Provides help in analyzing a topic for the appropriate words to use in a search and then selecting the appropriate search tool.

Web Search Strategies. Information about all types of searching, including using directories, and information about the features in search engines.

Beyond Google, Improve Your Search Results. This short guide to 15 tools and strategies for helping your students (and your colleagues) improve their Internet search results. Excellent help, also includes add-ons for Firefox to improve searching. (Added November 2, 2009)


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Websites from the Text in Chapter 11



CiteULike at

National Library of Medicine (NLM) classification use the “medical subject headings” or MeSH


EBSCOhost EBSCOhost research databases

EBSCO Tutorials

Ovid Training and documentation

Self-paced tutorial

ProQuest Advanced search

Top questions regarding advanced search

Search tips

MEDLINE through PubMed on the Internet at

NLM Mobile at

PubMed for Handhelds at

My National Center for Biotechnology Information at


Cochrane Library





Cochrane Library is online at


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Websites from the Reference List in Chapter 11

American Psychological Association. (2010). PsycINFO. Retrieved June 4, 2010, from

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (2010, January 11). Hospital-acquired conditions. Retrieved June 4, 2010, from

CINAHL. (2010, January 19). CINAHL databases. Retrieved June 4, 2010, from

CiteUlike. (2010, March 4). CiteULike Help and FAQs. Retrieved June 4, 2010, from

Dobbins, M. (2007). Journey to evidence-informed nursing practice: Understanding the process as an iterative loop. Reflections on Nursing Leadership, 33(2). Retrieved from

National Center for Biotechnology Information. (2010). Welcome to NCBI. Retrieved June 4, 2010, from http:/

National Library of Medicine. (2010, June 2). MEDLINE fact sheet. Retrieved June 4, 2010, from

PubMed Central. (2010, June 3). Pubmed Central homepage. Retrieved June 4, 2010, from

Sackett, D. L., Rosenberg, W. M. C., Gray, J. A. M., Haynes, R. B., & Richardson, W. S. (1996). Evidence based medicine: What it is and what it isn’t. British Medical Journal, 312(7023), 71–72. Retrieved from

Sigma Theta Tau International. (2006). 2006 EBP study: Summary of findings. Retrieved January 3, 2008, from

South African Medical Research Council. (2008, June 24). What is a systematic review? Retrieved June 4, 2010, from

The Cochrane Library. (2010). Free online access through funded provisions. Retrieved June 4, 2010, from

Zotero. (2010, May 31). Quick start guide [Zotero Documentation]. Retrieved June 4, 2010, from

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Created December 28, 2011 Updated August 12, 2014



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